KSL-1700X-GS is a CE certified box furnace designed for materials synthesis under inert gas atmosphere with temperatures up to 1700 ºC. The furnace consists of high quality alumina fiber bricks and Molybdenum alloy heating elements with an 8"x 8"x12" heating chamber.
Pre-Vacuum Atmosphere Furnace This furnace is pre-vacuumed to ensure that the oxygen content in the furnace is minimized, and then nitrogen, argon or nitrogen-hydrogen is introduced to obtain the desired heating treatment under the protection of the atmosphere.
in an atmosphere of air, inert gases (nitrogen, argon, hydrogen), active atmospheres for carburizing, nitriding and other active diffusion atmospheres, in high temperature systems up to 1300°C, low vacuum in retort furnaces up to 10-2 mbar.
SSi's Nitrogen Methanol Flow System provides precise measurement and control for consistent atmosphere generation used in many furnace applications. The system includes flow measurements, necessary set points, digital data logging, necessary safeties and an easy to use and understand interface.
22 hours ago · The atmosphere tight furnace retorts are interior chambers that contain the nitrogen atmosphere and workload within a cylindrical shell that has a solid bottom and sealing trough at the top.
of atmosphere solutions can ensure that your special atmosphere requirements can be fully satisfied. Nitrogen, typically the main atmosphere component, provides the inert base that prevents undesirable reactions from occurring. Often, a reducing agent such as hydrogen or a hydrocarbon is added to adjust atmosphere reducing potential.
atmosphere control If the furnace atmosphere is continuously monitored and adjusted for proper gas consis-tency (percentages of water vapor, methane, oxygen, etc.), the process will provide much tighter tolerances in the parts. The improved quality and repro - ducibility needed for hardness, machinability, sizing, and dimen -
Since nitrogen ions are made available by ionization, differently from gas or salt bath, plasma nitriding efficiency does not depend on the temperature. Plasma nitriding can thus be performed in a broad temperature range, from 260 °C to more than 600 °C.
Jun 12, 2018 · The oxygen (aka carbon) probe (Fig. 1) is an in-situ device that looks similar to a thermocouple for measuring temperature and typically sits inside the furnace, inside the generator (typically above the catalyst bed or in a separate heated "well" into which the furnace atmosphere is pumped).
The furnaces used in these processes must support a controlled atmosphere in order to achieve successful, high precision, repeatable results for these parts. These atmospheres may include inert gases such as nitrogen, helium, or argon; endothermic mixtures; or hydrogen.
When using nitrogen methanol in a furnace at the typical operating temperatures, the methanol immediately dissociates into carbon monoxide and hydrogen. When mixed, 33% methanol (CH 3 OH), 66% nitrogen, and endothermic equivalent atmosphere are formed in the furnace. When using sensors and when the base atmosphere in the furnace is under equilibrium conditions, these assumptions must be consistent, known, and repeatable.
The atmospheres used can be nitrogen, argon, exothermic gas, endothermic gas, nitrogen-methanol, ammonia, dissociated ammonia, steam, or controlled mixtures of more than one gas. One common atmosphere furnace arrangement is the bell type, where the heating system is contained in a lifting box, or cylinder shaped shell, which is then sealed to a base holding the work load and containing the atmosphere seal.
As with an endothermic atmosphere, the nitrogen methanol system should be delivering a consistent composition to the furnace. Most flow rates for the system are set up to deliver approximately the same mixture of 20% carbon monoxide (CO), 40% hydrogen (H 2 ), and 40% nitrogen (N 2 ).
atmosphere supply and control functionality for furnaces in heat treatment processes. As Linde is a trusted partner to many companies in the heat treatment industry, our research and development goals and activities are inspired by market and customer insights and industry trends and challenges. The expert editions on various heat treatment
KSL1700X-GS is CE certified box furnace designed for material synthesis under inert gas atmosphere up to 1700 ºC. The furnace consists of high quality alumina fiber bricks and Mo alloy heating elements with a heating chamber of 8"x 8"x8", as well as a vacuum-sealed steel case with water cooling jacket and vacuum & gas flow control system.
"Carbon control" is the automatic "in situ" control of carbon potential. Carbon potential is the ability or potential of the furnace atmosphere to either carburize or decarburize steel. You add carbon to the steel when you carburize and you subtract carbon when you decarburize. All steel has some carbon in solution in the steel.
non-retort pit furnaces to work with natural air or nitrogen atmosphere Type of pit furnace design retort pit furnaces-retort with closed bottom retort pit furnaces-retort with opened bottom and fixed hearth Type of pit furnace heating system electrically heated furnaces gas fired furnaces Customized dimensions of the working chamber and temperature range can be designed at request. Technological applications of pit furnaces
Abstract. To minimize the cost of operating furnaces using protective atmospheres formed from nitrogen plus a reducing gas, both the flow rate of atmosphere gas and the amount of added reducing gas must be controlled. Optimum parameters for steady state operation are determined by (1) the type of atmosphere desired— nonoxidizing (but decarburizing),
Dec 08, 2014 · Nitriding is a process that uses ionic-nitrogen (N1), whereas the nitrogen you feed into a vacuum brazing furnace for quenching, rapid cooling, or for partial-pressure buildup, is molecular-nitrogen (N2).
Controlled Atmosphere Conveyor Furnace The SCHMID 2500 Series is designed for controlled atmosphere applications of up to 1050°C. Air, nitrogen, hydrogen, and combinations of these gases are possible and maintained at extreme levels of purity in the muffle-contained environment.